The UK has over one tenth of the world’s moorland, mainly in the north and west of the country.
Moorland upland areas is acidic, and often waterlogged, with low-nutrient soils on deep peaty layers. In the cold, wind and wet conditions the dominant vegetation is the heather plant and hardy grasses able to grow. These give the colours of the moorland, with the pinks and purples of late summers’ heather and the browns of autumn and softer hues of winter and spring. The plants also provide food for the birds, and cover for the many ground-nesting birds. This is ideal countryside for small mammals and insects.
British moorland often looks harsh and lonely wildernesses, but they are more often a man-made and highly managed landscape, with regular burning to enable new heather growth.